Sentences

A sentence is a group of words which expresses a complete thought. These words make sense by themselves. A written sentence starts with a capital letter and ends in a full stop, question mark or exclamation mark.

The four sentence types

Statement

The statement supplies information and ends with a full stop.

Example:

  • Lucy is going to the park.

Question

The question asks for information and ends with a question mark.

Example:

  • What are you having for lunch?

Command

The command gives an order or instruction and can end with an exclamation mark.

Example:

  • Sit down, please. Don’t touch that heater!

Exclamation

An exclamation expresses sudden strong feelings such as anger, surprise or alarm and usually end with an exclamation mark.

Example:

  • How amazing! I’m shocked!

Sentence structure

Simple sentence

A simple sentence has one verb and one idea – also called an independent clause because it makes sense on its own.

Example:

  • Lucy is going to the park.

Compound sentence

A compound sentence has two or more verbs.  It is made up of two simple sentences joined by a conjunction or joining word.

Example:

  • Lucy is going to the park and she will be taking the dog for a walk.

Complex sentence

A complex sentence has at least one simple sentence and at least one dependent clause.

Example:

  • Lucy is going to the park that is near the expressway.

A dependent clause has a verb but is an incomplete idea.

Example:

  • When I was sick.
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