Child car seats and wheelchairs

It is a legal requirement that children aged from four to seven years travel in a forward-facing Australian Standards Approved (AS/NZS1754) child car seat appropriate for the student's height and age. This is also a requirement for students accessing ASTP.

All car seats and boosters in ASTP vehicles must:

  • comply with Australian Standard AS/NZS1754
  • be less than 10 years old
  • be in good condition and checked regularly
  • be installed correctly according to the manufacturer's instructions.

Parents are responsible for providing child car seats and boosters for use in ASTP vehicles.

Drivers are legally responsible for ensuring that child car seats and boosters are installed according to the manufacturer's instructions.


By law, all passengers travelling seated in their wheelchair must use an occupant restraint i.e. lap/sash seatbelt. The wheelchair must also be secured to the vehicle floor. The most common type of wheelchair tie-down is a four-point strap system that attaches to the specified tie-down points on the wheelchair. This system is separate to the passenger seatbelt.

The wheelchair tie-down and occupant restraint system (WTORS) should comply with AS/NZS 10542 and always be used as per the manufacturer's instructions.

Wheelchair tie-down and occupant restraint system. Image: Regents of the University of Michigan

Hard trays and other equipment mounted on the wheelchair are to be removed for travel and secured safely in the vehicle. Consult a vehicle engineer or certifier that specialises in disability-specific modifications for further advice.

It is important to be aware that there are minimum clearance spaces required around the wheelchair, the user and WTORS in the vehicle. This reduces the potential for injuries during a crash. Details of the requirements can be found in AS/NZS 3696.19:2009.

Should you have concerns regarding a student's posture, fit or the condition of their wheelchair, please report this to the school and ASTP.

The Australian Standards relevant to the transportation of people seated in wheelchairs can be purchased from SAI Global:

  • AS/NZS 3696.19:2009 (Wheeled mobility devices for use as seats in vehicles)
  • AS/NZS ISO 16840.4:2014 (Seating Systems for use in motor vehicles)
  • AS/NZS 10542.1:2009 (Wheelchair tiedown and occupant restraint systems – requirements and test methods for all systems)
  • AS/NZS 10542.2:2009 (Wheelchair tiedown and occupant restraint systems – four-point, strap type tie down systems).
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