The equity loading for Aboriginal students is a funding allocation to support NSW public schools to meet the additional learning needs of Aboriginal students. Every NSW public school with enrolments of Aboriginal students receives this funding.
Funds under the Aboriginal equity loading are provided to schools to ensure that Aboriginal student educational outcomes match or better those of the broader student population. In addition these funds may be used to ensure that all teachers are culturally competent and schools culturally responsive. The Aboriginal Education Policy provides direction and guidance to the achievement of these objectives. Schools have an obligation to ensure the Aboriginal equity loading is used to embed strategies that achieve these objectives. The three guiding elements of effective implementation are:
- engagement and
- ongoing learning.
In 2019, the equity loading for students from an Aboriginal background funds approximately 63,000 students in 2,022 NSW public schools.
- In addition to quality teaching and learning, explicit strategies to engage Aboriginal students should be in place to ensure that literacy, numeracy, Year 12 attainment and attendance outcomes of Aboriginal students match or better those of the broader student population. Offering additional student support through tutoring and/or the provision of Learning Engagement Centres is encouraged.
- Ensure lifelong learning pathways are in place for Aboriginal students from preschool/Kindergarten to Year 12 and into work and further study.
- Resources and professional learning are targeted to promote quality teaching and the inclusion of Aboriginal perspectives and content across all subjects and KLAs. Participating in the NSW Aboriginal Education Consultative Group Inc.'s Connecting to Country and/or Healthy Culture: Healthy Country professional development programs are encouraged.
- All students need to be educated about Aboriginal cultures and respect for the Custodianship of Country. Employing local Aboriginal people who have been endorsed by the school's Local/Regional AECG is critical.
- Parents, caregivers of Aboriginal students, the Aboriginal community and the NSW Aboriginal Education Consultative Group Inc. are engaged in co-decision making.
- Schools must identify strategies and initiatives that have been implemented to improve outcomes for Aboriginal students in the school plan and reported on in the annual report. Endorsement by the local AECG is required.
How is the loading calculated?
The Resource Allocation Model uses both national census data and school-based enrolment data to determine the distribution of funds.
The formula funds students with the highest need at a higher rate per student. The rate per student is based on the number and percentage of Aboriginal students in the school.
Schools receive the equity loading for Aboriginal background as flexible funding and/or a staffing allocation. The staffing allocation is for permanent Aboriginal Education Officer (AEO) and Aboriginal School Learning and Support Officer (ASLSO) positions on the school's Enrolment and Entitlement Reports. Schools that have not previously held a staffing entitlement for AEO or ASLSO positions only receive flexible funding.
Schools that currently receive funds for their allocated Aboriginal positions without a cash component will receive an additional $200 per Aboriginal student.
Aboriginal student outcomes
The government wants all NSW school students to reach their potential, including Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander students. Currently, Aboriginal students are under-represented in the top two NAPLAN bands. The state priorities call on all staff to work to increase the proportion of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander students in the top two NAPLAN bands for reading and numeracy by 30%. Furthermore, the Council of Australian Governments (COAG) will update their 2019 targets early in Term 4, to improve the outcomes of Aboriginal students. The below target will remain:
- to halve the gap for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander students in Year 12 (or equivalent) attainment rates by 2020
The Wellbeing Framework (2015) states that Aboriginal students will have an individual personalised learning pathway (PLP). Personalised learning pathways are an effective methodology for having a positive result on the educational and wellbeing outcomes of Aboriginal students and schools are encouraged to implement them using Aboriginal equity loading funding. Personalised learning pathways can include the critical work that might occur at key transition points for Aboriginal students (from home to school, Year 6 to Year 7, Year 10 to Years 11 and 12 and from school to work or further study).
- NSW Government, State Priorities – NSW Making It Happen, 14th September 2015
- Council of Australian Governments
- National Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Education Strategy 2015
Partnerships and engagement
It is imperative that school principals and teachers consult their Aboriginal community and/or Local or Regional AECG when implementing the Aboriginal Education Policy. The strength, knowledge and diversity of the community should be shared and promoted and a respectful and collaborative relationship maintained. Engaging Aboriginal people in co-decision making should be embedded as a critical element of successful practice. Acknowledgement of and consultation with the NSW Aboriginal Education Consultative Group Inc. (NSW AECG Inc.) as the peak community advisory body should be sought when implementing Aboriginal programs.
- Together We Are, Together We Can, Together We Will (Maintaining a collaborative partnership into the future), Partnership Agreement 2010-2020
- Working with Aboriginal communities, NSW Education Standards Authority (NESA), (2008)
Inclusive curricula and pedagogy
Schools are obligated to provide inclusive curricula for Aboriginal education aligned with the Australian curriculum and each of the NSW syllabuses as outlined in their cross curriculum priorities. Through professional learning and the curriculum, schools increase their knowledge and understanding of the histories, cultures and experiences of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people to ensure schools are culturally responsive and teachers and students culturally competent.
- ACARA – cross curriculum priorities
- NESA cross curriculum
- NESA mapping of Aboriginal and Indigenous cross-curriculum content in mandatory K-10 syllabus (2009)
- AITSL Professional Standards for Teachers – Standard 1.4
- AITSL Professional Standards for Teachers – Standard 2.4
Schools must ensure that teachers know their Aboriginal students and understand the importance of their identity, culture and extended family members. Therefore teachers must build their own cultural competence to meet the learning needs of Aboriginal students and ensure educational success and wellbeing.
School planning, reporting and accountability
The way schools use their funding will vary based on local needs. Aboriginal background equity funding should be treated as a component of the whole school budget when addressing the needs of Aboriginal students, and not considered as separate or the only source of funds.
Schools should have an Aboriginal education advisory team that includes Local AECG representation and supports a culture of high expectations and community engagement, resulting in sustained and measureable whole-school improvement. Resources must be strategically used to achieve improved student outcomes and maximise the opportunities to explore innovative practices that support continuous improvement in student achievement. For ideas on how schools are using their equity funding see school stories – using RAM funding.
Schools must ensure that Aboriginal background equity loading funds are used to develop and embed strategies and initiatives that progress successful outcomes for Aboriginal education and improve outcomes for Aboriginal students. Reporting should focus on evaluating the success and effectiveness of achieving these outcomes.
All schools have a school plan in which they must show the school community, inclusive of their Local AECG about how they propose to use the funds to support students. Accountability for the effective use of funds to improve student learning also occurs through the annual report.