Identifying the literacy and numeracy needs of an individual student or a class

Students are individuals who learn at different rates and in different ways. These individual differences may influence how students respond to instruction and how they demonstrate what they know, understand and can do. Through differentiated planning and programming, teachers can consider students’ varying abilities, learning styles, interests and needs.  – NESA – Differentiated programming

Scout provides a number of information reports which can assist teachers in establishing the literacy and numeracy needs of their students.

The Student Item Analysis suite of reports can be found in the NAPLAN (DoE) app.

Student Item Analysis reports

The reports have been separated into Writing and Non-Writing domains due to the differences in the NAPLAN assessments.

Teachers will be able to determine a student’s areas of strength and weakness in a particular domain, grouped by syllabus outcome for Non-Writing domains, or by Criterion for the Writing domain.

Use the reports to:

Determine a student’s areas of strength or weakness in the five domains. The reports will help teachers identify areas to extend or support based on the student’s NAPLAN performance.

Key questions

  • What are the student’s areas of strength in a particular domain?
  • What are the student’s areas of weakness in a particular domain?

Scenario: Identify the Reading skills for a student in Year 4 and provide appropriate support.

A student in your Year 4 class is demonstrating signs of disengagement including unfinished tasks and poor behaviour. You decide to look at information across a number of reports in Scout relating to student literacy to determine whether the literacy skills of the student are contributing to their disengagement in class.


  1. Open the Paper/Online Item Analysis report (found in the NAPLAN (DoE) app). Select ‘Student’.
  2. Ensure the selections at the top of the page are accurate for the Grade and Name of the student, and also the Reading Domain.


  • In which Reading Syllabus areas did my student perform well?
  • In which Reading Syllabus areas will my student require further support?

NAPLAN Grammar and Punctuation, NAPLAN Spelling

At the top of the page change the Domain selection to Grammar & Punctuation or Spelling.


  • Are there any similarities in the Syllabus Outcomes the student was able to demonstrate?
  • Are there particular skillsets where the student had mainly incorrect answers?

Once you have the data

You can then use this information to support the student in their writing. In order to accurately determine a student’s overall skill, knowledge and understanding, we recommend using Scout data in conjunction with internal data sources.

Where to next?

Resources relating to literacy:

DoE – Teaching Strategies

DoE – Responding and Composing

CESE – How schools can improve literacy and numeracy

You can access resources and information relating to differentiation here:

Strong Start, Great Teachers – Differentiating learning

NESA – Differentiated programming

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